Ägypten: Dichter Omar Hazek inhaftiert

Der internationale PEN protestiert gegen die zweijährige Haftstrafe, die gegen den ägyptischen Dichter Omar Hazek verhängt wurde, der seit seiner Festnahme Anfang Dezember 2013 wegen der Teilnahme an einer Demonstration in Haft sitzt.

Omar Hazek. Quelle: PEN International

Omar Hazek. Quelle: PEN International

Omar Hazek war zunächst bis zum 21. Februar 2014 im Hadra Gefängnis in Alexandria festgehalten worden, bevor er ins Burj Al-Arab Gefängnis in Alexandria verlegt wurde, wo er bis heute festgehalten wird.

Der internationale PEN geht davon aus, dass Omar Hazek lediglich für die friedvolle Ausübung seines Rechts auf Meinungs- und Versammlungsfreiheit inhaftiert wurde und fordert daher seine unmittelbare und bedinungslose Freilassung.

Unternehmen Sie etwas: Teilen Sie den Fall via facebook, Twitter und anderen sozialen Medien. 

Bitte schreiben Sie Protestbriefe:

  • Drücken Sie Ihre Besorgnis über das aktuelle harte Vorgehen gegen Journalisten, Schriftsteller und Aktivisten in Ägypten aus, insbesondere über die Verhaftung und die darauffolgende Verurteilung des Dichters und Aktivisten Omar Hazek und fordern Sie seine sofortige und bedinungslose Freilassung.
  • Rufen Sie die Behörden dazu auf, das Recht auf Meinungs- und Versammlungsfreiheit zu wahren, wie sie vom UN-Zivilpakt garantiert werden, zu dessen Unterzeichnern Ägypten zählt.
  • Drängen Sie die Behörden dazu sicherzustellen, dass der Artikel 7 der verfassungsrechtlichen Erklärung Ägyptens, der Limitierungen der Meinungsfreiheit „im Einklang mit dem Gesetz“ vorsieht, nicht genutzt werden darf, um Restriktionen durchzusetzen, die internationales Recht aushebeln.

Schreiben Sie an:

S.E. den Botschafter von Ägypten
Herrn. Dr. Mohamed Abdelhamid Ibrahim Higazy
Botschaft der Arabischen Republik Ägypten in Berlin
Stauffenbergstr. 6-7
10785 Berlin

Hintergrund zum Fall in englischer Sprache (bereitgestellt vom internationalen PEN)

Omar el Hazek is a writer of international acclaim and was formerly employed by the Library of Alexandria in Alexandria Egypt. His publications include a collection of poetry in Arabic and English entitled Nota – Skies of Freedom (Egypt 2011), which he co-published with Syrian poet Abdelwahhab Azzawi and two other poets from Italy and Portugal. Omar Hazek won the title of “Poet of Romance” in the TV classical poetry competition “Prince of Poets” in 2007, organized by the Abu Dhabi Organization for Culture and Heritage.

Since the overthrow of President Mubarak in February 2011, Omar Hazek has been outspoken in his allegations of corruption in the Library of Alexandria, whose official head of the board of trustees was former first lady, Suzanne Mubarak. Her close associate, Dr. Ismail Serageldin remains the Director of the Library despite multiple calls for his resignation over alleged abuse of funds and power, and an ongoing investigation into allegations of misappropriation of state funds. During 2011, Omar produced some 15 articles alleging corruption at the Library, but in spite of an investigation by the District Attorney’s office which recommended that Serageldin should be prosecuted, no action was taken and Serageldin remains in post.

Omar Hazek was arrested on 4 December 2013 along with a number of other activists for ‘protesting without permission’ in front of the Alexandria Criminal Court in solidarity with the family of Khalid Said during a re-trial of his alleged killers. Khalid Said was beaten to death in police custody in 2010, and his death sparked anti-government protests. Omar Hazek was initially charged with beating a policeman, destroying a police vehicle and carrying weapons, among other things, though these charges were subsequently dropped. PEN International is unaware of any other information suggesting that Omar Hazek used or advocated violence.

In January 2014, Omar Hazek and three other activists were sentenced by the lower court to two years’ imprisonment and a 50,000 EGP (equivalent to US$7000) fine for violating a new law for the regulation of demonstrations which prohibits demonstrations without written permission from the Ministry of Interior. On 16 February 2014 the Alexandria Appeal Court upheld their sentences. The only remaining course of legal redress is to bring a case in the Court of Cassation challenging the constitutionality of the protest law.

After mass protests on 30 June 2013 against the Muslim Brotherhood, the political party of President Mohamed Morsi who had come to power through democratic elections one year earlier, General Abdel Fattah al-Sisi deposed President Morsi on 3 July 2013. Constitutional Court judge Adly Mansour was appointed as interim president. Mansour issued a Constitutional Declaration setting out a roadmap, which included drafting a new constitution and elections. A new constitution came into effect on 18 January 2014 after a national referendum, which provides improved provisions for freedom of expression and bolsters press freedom.

However the situation on the ground has seen widespread violence, with peaceful protests violently suppressed by police and thousands arrested for their alleged support of the Muslim Brotherhood, which was banned in September 2013 and declared a terrorist group on 25 December 2013, the day after a new Anti-Terror law was passed. Hundreds, including Omar Hazek, have also been arrested under the repressive new protest law issued by the interim president, Adly Mansour, on 24 November 2013. Provisions of the law exceed permissible restrictions on the right to protest peacefully.