Türkei: Journalisten droht Untersuchung wegen der Veröffentlichung des aktuellen Charlie Hebdo Covers

19. Januar 2015 – RAN 01/15   

Ceyda Karan (Foto: privat)

Ceyda Karan (Foto: privat)

Der internationale PEN ist zutiefst besorgt über die Nachricht, dass gegen zwei Kolumnisten der Tageszeitung Cumhuriyet wegen „religiöser Beleidigung“ ermittelt wird, weil sie das Cover der ersten Ausgabe des Satire-Magazins Charlie Hebdo (nach dem Anschlag von Paris) in ihren jeweiligen Kolumnen abgebildet haben. Das Cover zeigt den Propheten Mohammed.

In den vergangenen Tagen haben Hikmet Çetinkaya und Ceyda Karan über die sozialen Medien zahlreiche Drohungen erhalten. Beiden könnte bei einer Verurteilung eine einjährige Gefängnisstrafe drohen.

Der Zugang zu Webseiten, auf denen das Charlie Hebdo Cover zu sehen ist, wurde in der Türkei gesperrt, nachdem ein Gericht in Diyarbakır ein entsprechendes Urteil am 14. Januar gefällt hatte.

Der PEN ruft die türkischen Behörden dazu auf, die Ermittlungen gegen Çetinkaya und Karan einzustellen, sie vor Angriffen jeder Art zu schützen und die Sperre von Internetseiten, die das Cover zeigen, aufzuheben.

Unternehmen Sie etwas! Teilen Sie den Artikel auf Facebook, Twitter und anderen sozialen Netzwerken/Medien

Schreiben Sie Protestbriefe:

  • Fordern Sie, dass alle Ermittlungen und alle Anklagepunkte, die gegen Journalisten wegen der Abbildung des Charlie Hebdo Covers erhoben werden könnten, auf der Stelle eingestellt bzw. fallengelassen werden.
  • Verlangen Sie, dass Journalisten, die das Charlie Hebdo Cover veröffentlicht haben, von den türkischen Sicherheitsbehörden beschützt werden.
  • Fordern Sie, dass die Zugangssperre für Webseiten, auf denen das Charlie Hebdo Cover abgebildet ist, aufgehoben wird, da diese Sperre mit internationalem Recht keinesfalls vereinbar ist.
  • Rufen Sie die türkischen Behörden dazu auf, das Recht auf freie Meinungsäußerung zu respektieren, da dies zu den internationalen Verpflichtungen gemäß des UN-Zivilpaktes zählt, den die Türkei ratifiziert hat.

Schreiben Sie an: 

S.E. den Botschafter der Türkei
Herrn Hüseyin Avni Karslıoğlu
Türkische Botschaft
Tiergartenstraße 19-21
10785 Berlin

Hintergrund (bereitgestellt vom internationalen PEN)

.A criminal investigation was launched against columnists Hikmet Çetinkaya, Ceyda Karan and Turkish newspaper Cumhuriyet under Article 216 of the Turkish Penal Code on 15 January 2015, a day after the publication of the front cover of Charlie Hebdo in the newspaper. .The news that an investigation had been launched against Çetinkaya and Karan came amid heightened tensions in Turkey surrounding the Charlie Hebdo cover. Violent clashes have been reported in front of the offices of Cumhuriyet, which is being guarded by armed police, and Yeni Akit, an Islamist newspaper that published a caricature of the secularist founder of the republic of Turkey, Atatürk, in response to Cumhuriyet’s show of solidarity with Charlie Hebdo. Turkish satirical magazines Penguen and Leman have also reportedly been subjected to threats on social media since the Charlie Hebdo shooting.

Turkish news outlets T24, BirGün, Sözcü and Yurt could face similar religious defamation charges, having also published the Charlie Hebdo cover.

Turkish Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu, who joined a march in Paris with other world leaders in solidarity with Charlie Hebdo, has criticised Cumhuriyet for publishing the cover:

“Freedom of press does not cover insulting the prophet,” Davutoğlu said on 15 January 2015, “People who may tolerate insulting an individual will clearly not respond in the same way when it is against the prophet. Since Turkey has such a sensitivity, publishing a cartoon that aims to insult the prophet is a clear act of incitement.”

Speaking on 16 January 2015, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan made the following comments on Charlie Hebdo and Cumhuriyet:

“Our religion does not permit terrorism; there is no place for terrorism within it. And no-one has the right to get up and hold Muslims to account for acts of terror committed in abuse of our religion. A magazine that has gained notoriety with its provocative publications; a magazine that the Pope also condemns, is familiar with their provocative practices. Whether it is about Muslims or Christians; this cannot be called freedom. Violating the limits of another’s freedoms means unleashing terror there. There is a limit to freedom of thought: as far as my freedoms…”

“Certain publications from our country are insulting our prophet by taking extracts from them. What country are you in? 99% of this country is Muslim. Not only Muslims, you cannot insult what anyone considers sacred in this way. And they say security forces came and conducted searches. Citizens came and engaged in sedition. As long as you do things like this, you invite sedition. You open the door to this. Unfortunately, steps that are taken, like these, are aimed at disrupting the nation’s unity and togetherness. When the sensitivities of Muslims on the subject of their prophet are so clearly in the open, persistently going after them is absolutely unrelated to freedom of thought.”

Religious defamation cases have become increasingly common in Turkey over the last few years, overtaking Article 301 (insulting the Turkish people or state) as a charge brought against writers and others exercising their right to peaceful freedom of expression. High profile religious defamation cases in recent years have included concert pianist, composer and PEN International main case Fazıl Say, Turkish-Armenian writer and intellectual Sevan Nişanyan and left-wing daily BirGün.