Vor den Wahlen am 24. Juni 2018 haben 17 NGOs, darunter auch das PEN-Zentrum Deutschland, einen offenen Brief an sämtliche Präsidentschaftskandidaten zur Meinungs- und Pressefreiheit, Unabhängigkeit von Richtern und Staatsanwälten sowie gegen die willkürlichen Verhaftungen von über 150 Journalisten verschickt.
Hier der Brief (in englischer Sprache):
An open letter for the attention of the future President of the Republic of Turkey
June 20th, 2018
Your term starts in critical times. Freedom of expression in particular has declined drastically in the last couple of years in your country. To this day, more than 150 journalists remain in prison, thousands of critical thought leaders have lost their jobs and a large number of them have left the country. We, the undersigned international freedom of expression organisations, ask you to prioritise the following points in the upcoming term to uphold the rule of law and to protect and strengthen media freedom and independent journalism in Turkey:
- release all journalists who have been imprisoned for exercising their right to freedom of expression and their journalistic work and drop all charges against them.
- restore the impartiality of the judiciary and ensure the functioning of the Constitutional Court by refraining from exerting any political pressure on it and guaranteeing the implementation of its decisions.
- reform the system of criminal law that is currently being abused in order to prosecute and jail journalists, specifically the Penal Code and the Anti-Terror Law, which are among the main obstacles to freedom of the press and freedom of expression in Turkey.
- de-centralise and end state control of the regulation of media. Let media policy and media regulation processes be implemented by journalist associations, media representatives and academics, in compliance with the jurisprudence of the ECtHR.
- support the independence and pluralism of the media by redesigning ownership restrictions, support public broadcasting media to become free from political and economic interference, ensure media pluralism by subsidising small independent local media. Legal, political and administrative measures must be adopted to ensure free and fair competition in the media.
- reform and monitor the Press and Advertising Agency (Basın İlan Kurumu) to ensure that independent newspapers are not deprived of public advertising revenue. The appointment of media and internet regulatory bodies such as RTÜK and BTK should be transparent and must answer to the principles of media independence and freedom.
Thank you for your attention.
European Centre for Press and Media Freedom (ECPMF)
Association of European Journalists (AEJ)
Cartoonists Rights Network International (CRNI)
European Federation of Journalists (EFJ)
Global Editors Network (GEN)
Index on Censorship (Index)
International Press Institute (IPI)
Osservatorio Balcani e Caucaso – Transeuropa (OBCT)
Ossigeno per l’Informazione (Ossigeno)
Reporters Without Borders (RSF)
South East Europe Media Organisation (SEEMO)
World Association of Newspapers and News Publishers (WAN-IFRA)